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Old Essex words and meanings

Broom seller Abear.  To endure.
Adry.  Thirsty.
Agin.  Against.

Backhander.  A cuff, delivered with the back of the hand.
Bag.  To cut herbage with a hook.
Bagging hook.  A sickle shaped implement with an angled blade for close cutting.
Bever.  A farm labourers lunch.
Bine.  Stem of a climbing plant, now more often of potatoes.
Broom.  (Cytisus scoparius) The twigs of this plant were used to make brooms.
Bullimong.  A mixture of oats peas and vetches grown as a forage crop.

Chap rein.  A horses leading rein.
Chaseway.  Private road leading to a farm or field.
Chine.  To chop ribs of beef partly through.
Chitterlings.  Small intestines of a pig, cooked as food.
Choat.  A yearling pig.
Clungy.  Wet heavy clay soil.
Coffin.  A big shoe.
Court.  Pigs court or hogs court. A yard adjoining a pig sty.
Croat. (croft)  A field of any size or description.
Crotch.  A fork in a tree.
Cunning.  Knowing or clever.

milk cow Dicky.  A donkey.
Directly.  Now, immediately.
Dibbler.  Pointed stick used to make holes for seed planting.
Do.  To work for as a charwoman.
Donkeys years.  Long ago.
Dool.  Unploughed boundary strip across an unenclosed field.
Dutch barn.  A barn with open sides and roof only

Elevens(es).  An intermediate meal of labourers at haytime or harvest.

Fleck.  The fur of a rabbit or any furry animal.
Foreigner.  Person from another county or district.
Fours(es).   An intermediate meal of labourers at haytime or harvest.

Gallows.(gallus)  T shaped iron on front of a horse drawn plough for the lines to pass through.
Gammy.  Bad, diseased.
Glarmed up.  Covered in grease or dirt.
Goosegog.  Gooseberry.
Grizzle.  To whimper or complain.

Cart horse Hames.  The iron fittings on a horses collar for attaching the traces.
Hand.  A signature.
Heft.  Weight.
Hips.  The corners of a haystack
Hope.  A piece of enclosed land.
Hoppet.  A small meadow close to habitation for resting sick animals.
Hull.  The shell or husk of peas, beans, or corn.
Hum.  Stink

Independent.   Of no occupation, retired

Jack in.  To give up.
Jigger.  An axe.

Kicksey (kecksies).   Any large hollow stemmed plant.
Kissing gate.  Small gate in an angular enclosure allowing only one to pass at a time.

Leap.  Movable barrier below barn doors.
Learn.  To teach.
Looker.  A bailiff.
Lord.  Lord of the harvest, leader of a reaping gang at harvest time.
Lozenger.  A lozenge.
Lush.(lushy)  Loose, not well rooted.

spinning Master.  A title of respect to old farmers and retired labourers.
Mind.  To remember.
Mooch.  To skulk about.
Moorish.  Tasty, of food or drink.

Nipped up.  Hard up, earning nothing.
Nose.  Used for various projections.

Off'ard.  The off side of a wagon or horse, To the right, (opposite of toward).
Old fashioned.  Knowing, cunning.
Osier.  (salix viminalis) Willow with long flexible shoots for basket making.

Pair.  A set, not necessarily two, as in a pair of steps.
Parkey.  Feeling cold.
Parish lantern.  The Moon.
Pay.  To punish, especially with the stick
Perished.  Miserably cold.
Pightle.  A small grass field near a house.
Pike.  A pitchfork.
Plum pudding.  The flower of the Red Campion.
Poke up with.  To have to put up with.
Prong.  A table fork.
Puggle.  To poke about,

Gentleman on horseback Quarters.  The spaces between the horse track and the wheel ruts.
Queer.  Feeling ill.

Raddle.  To work sticks into a hedge horizontally to strengthen it.
Rainbow.  A field ploughed in curves to follow outline (ploughed rainbow).
Ratty.  Angry.
Rear up.  A horse standing on hind legs, now of tractors rising on rear wheels.
Rench.  To rinse out a cloth.
Render.  To melt down fat.
Ridding   An area cleared of trees to create a new field or meadow.
Rip.  Tool used for hedging, (bill hook).
Roll.  To wheel, trundle.
Rub.  A stone for sharpening scythes etc (there's the rub).
Runt.  A small object, now usually of the weakest pig in a litter.

Scallion.  An onion planted out after winter storing and eaten raw.
Shaw.  A small wood.
Shot.  A piece of land, a division of a field.
Shut knife.  A pocket knife.
Skep.  A straw beehive.
Slipe.  A slip or strip of land.
Slummuck.  To laze about.
Snarl.  Tangle.
Oak tree Snaith.  The handle of a scythe.
Snib.  To rub the shoots off potatoes.
Snitch.  The nose.
Spike (the).  The parish workhouse.
Spring.  A small wood, (springside) next to the wood.
Stale.  The long handle of a pitchfork or yard broom.
Stent (stint).  A job of work.
Stetch.  A ploughing term, A broad ridge between furrows.
Stooke.  Piled sheaves of corn, usualy twelve in number.
Stub.  To dig up a tree stump or similar.
Sub.  An advance on payment for a job, (subsistence).
Suky.  A kettle.
Summoned.  Given notice to appear in court on a charge.

Tares.  Rough grass and weeds.
Tedder.  Haymaking term, to turn over newly mown grass.
Tore out.  Worn out.
Tetchy.  Cross, peevish.
Thimble.  The ringle which turns on the fixed pivot in a gate-post.
Thole-pin.   The pin which is removed to allow the cart body to tip backwards.
Throat-latch.  The strap under a horses throat which holds the bridle in position.
Threadle.  To thread a needle.
Tilt.  Covering for a load or stack.
Time. (a time or two).  Once or twice.
Tiptop.  At the most.
Tommy.  Food carried to work, soldiers term for ration bread,
Top latch.  Strap at the top of a horses collar for fastening the hames.
Toward.  The near side of a wagon or horse, to the left, (opposite of off`ard).
Trapes.  To trudge.
Twitch.  Couch grass.

Underwood.  Undergrowth often at the edge of a wooded area.

Vail.  A gratuity or tip.

Graveyard Wants.  A meeting of three or four roads.
Wet week.  To feel like a wet week, melancholy.
Whippletree.  Bar on a plough where the traces are fixed.
Wholly.  Altogether, thoroughly.
Woolve.  A water conduit under a road or gateway.
Wrap up.  To put in the coffin, finished.

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